Hair transplantation is the operation wherein healthy hair extracted from the zone considered as donor area is transferred to hairless area via the techniques called FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) or FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation). FUE Hair Transplantation: It is the operation wherein hair follicles are extracted one by one from the haired zone at over both ears and between the ears, that we call as donor area, via cylindrical micro tips of 0.7 - 0.9 mm diameter. This operation of extraction is performed via the devices called manual punch or micro motor. FUT Hair Transplantation: It is performed by extracting a strip of skin from the haired zone where the hair does not fall out genetically on the back of the head, between two ears, with the aid of a surgical bistoury and the zone is closed by stitching. This strip of skin is dissected into particles called grafts once more with surgical bistouries, under special magnifying stereoscopic microscopes. Once the FUE method has been introduced, this one has become a non-preferred method of transplant. These grafts obtained with both methods, are inserted into hairless or thin areas by opening slim channels and both transplantation techniques are made under local anaesthesia. The doctor to carry out the transplantation must understand the expectation of the person willing to undergo the hair transplantation very well, and tell how many grafts and sessions the person needs according to his or her expectations. If 2 or 3 sessions are needed, the time between each session must be at least 6 - 8 months.
There are some criteria to get successful results from hair transplantation;
1) Health of your hair cells
2) Hair density in donor area
3) Ability of the transplant area to nourish these cells
4) Surface of the area requiring transplantation
5) Experience of the team performing your operation.